Dajjal – the deceiver – is human, and through the permission of Allah he will be given ability to carry out miracles and tricks that people cannot do as a sign of the end times. This will be used against the people as a test for them to see who is a true believer in Allah, and who is the deceived.
Nearing the end of the world, there will be hundreds of signs including the appearance of the Dajjal indicating that the final hour is near. The major signs of the final Day will come subsequently one after another, like beads falling from a broken necklace. It comes in the narration:
Abdullah ibn Amr RA narrated: Nabi SAW said, “The signs are like beads of a string; if the string is cut, they will fall one after another.”[Recorded by Ahmed. Classed as Sahih by Albaani]
So many of these signs have already taken place and occurred without us even knowing or realizing. But one which is yet to occur and something we as Muslims should be preparing for is the coming of Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjal – or the Antichrist.
Who is Dajjal?
Dajjal – the false messiah – is a human being from the sons of Adam AS, and through the permission and power of Allah SWT, he has been given the ability to carry out many miracles and tricks which no other human possess the ability to do. This will be used against the people of the world and will be a test to see who from humankind is a true believer in one Allah and in our beloved Prophet Muhammed SAW.
Being the most difficult and feared trial preceding the day of judgment, Prophet SAW has informed us of many signs and attributes from which we could recognize this evil and save ourselves from him.
Hudhayfa ibn Yaman RA used to inquire from the Messenger of Allah SAW about the evil lest he live to see it.[Sahih Al-Bukhari]
Why is he called Al-Maseeh Ad-Dajjal?
Here are some reasons why he has been given the name Dajjal:
- The word Al-Maseeh has been used to describe his left eye which will be ‘wiped’. In Arabic, the word Mamsooh means wiped and Maseeh is derived from this. He will only be able to see out of one eye, this being his right eye.
- There is another interpretation or opinion which says that he is called Maseeh because he will wipe Yamsah the Earth, meaning he will travel the whole world and visit every single place (except Makkah and Madinah)
- One opinion says he is called this because one side of his face will have no eye or eyebrow
- He is called Dajjal because he tricks and deceives people. He commits fraud and this is considered worse than lying. Therefore, he is a liar and an imposter and one who uses trickery to cause deception and portray a façade.
What claims will Dajjal make?
Just as a false messiah and an imposter would, Dajjal will also make false claims in order to try and deceive the people and trick them into becoming disbelievers. One of the worst claims this liar will make is that he is the Lord of the Worlds. He will use this to bring people to believe in him.
Prophet Muhammed SAW said: “the Dajjal is one-eyed and your Lord is not one-eyed.”[Sahih Al-Bukhari]
The Prophet SAW said this as a warning to us and said in one line that Dajjal is not the Lord of the Worlds through his characteristic of having one eye.
The Story of Ibn Sayyad
‘Abdullah b. Umar reported: ‘Umar b. Khattab went along with Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) in the company of some persons to Ibn Sayyad that he found him playing with children near the battlement of Banu Maghala and Ibn Sayyad was at that time just at the threshold of adolescence and he did not perceive (the presence of Prophet) until Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) struck his back with his hands.
Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Ibn Sayyad, don’t you bear witness that I am the messenger of Allah? Ibn Sayyad looked toward him and he said: I bear witness to the fact that you the messenger of the unlettered. Ibn Sayyad said to the Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam): Do you bear witness to the fact that I am the messenger of Allah? Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) rejected this and said: I affirm my faith in Allah and in His messengers.
Then Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: What do you see? Ibn Sayyad said: It is Al-Dukh. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: May you be disgraced and dishonored, you would not be able to go beyond your rank. ‘Umar ibn Khattab RA said: Allah’s Messenger, permit me that I should strike his neck. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: If he is the same (Dajjal) who would appear near the Last Hour, you would not be able to overpower him, and he is not that then is no good for you to kill him.
Second part of the Hadith (story)
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar RA further narrated that after some time Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) and Ubayy ibn Ka’b RA went towards the palm trees where Ibn Sayyad was. When Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) went near the tree he hid himself behind a tree with the intention of hearing something from Ibn Sayyad before Ibn Sayyad could see him, but Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saw him on a bed with a blanket around him from which a murmuring sound was being heard and Ibn Sayyad’s mother saw Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) behind the trunk of the palm tree.
She said to Ibn Sayyad: Saaf (that being his name), here is Muhammad. Thereupon Ibn Sayyad jumped up murmuring and Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: If she had left him alone he would have made things clear.
Another Hadith mentions regarding Dajjal
Abdullah ibn Umar RA said that Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) stood up amongst the people and praised Allah as He deserved, then he made a mention of the Dajjal and said: I warn you of him and there is no Prophet who has not warned his people against the Dajjal. Even Noah warned (against him) but I am going to tell you a thing which no Prophet told his people. You must know that he (the Dajjal) is one-eyed and Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, is not one-eyed.
Ibn Shihab said: ‘Umar b. Thabit al-Ansari informed me that some of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) informed him that the day when Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) warned people against the Dajjal, he also said: There would be written between his two eyes (the word) Kafir (infidel) and everyone who would resent his deeds would be able to read or every Muslim would be about to read, and he also said: Bear this thing in mind that none amongst you would be able to see Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, until he dies.
The story behind this hadith is that there was a Jewish boy who lived in Madinah during the time of Nabi SAW and his name was Ibn Sayyad. The Holy Prophet SAW wasn’t sure whether he was Dajjal or not and the hadith explains an incident which took place when a group of Sahaba including Umar RA were with Nabi SAW and they encountered Ibn Sayyad.
When Ibn Sayyad said “Al-Dukh”, this was an answer to the question Nabi SAW asked him: I am hiding something in my mind from you or I have concealed something from you. This meant that the Prophet SAW was thinking of a word in his mind and he wanted to see if Ibn Sayyad could guess it. The word Nabi SAW was thinking of was Al-Dukhaan (The smoke).
The reason why Ibn Sayyad was very close to getting the answer right was because he had Jinns who would relate things to him, but they couldn’t find out exactly what was in the Prophets SAW mind. They nearly got it right and told Ibn Sayyad that the word was Al-Dukh.
When Nabi SAW said: “You cannot get farther than your rank”, this meant that he will never be more than what he already is, i.e. a liar, an imposter and a trickster.
At the moment when Ibn Sayyad was murmuring something while he was wrapped in a blanket and Nabi SAW was hiding behind a tree, what he meant when he said, “If she had left him alone he would have made things clear” is that if Ibn Sayyad’s mother let them get closer to him without Ibn Sayyad realizing, then it would have become clear whether he was Dajjal or not.
Hadith mentioning latter events in Ibn Sayyad’s life
Abu Sa’id Khudri reported: Ibn Sa’id said to me something for which I felt ashamed. He said: I can excuse others; but what has gone wrong with you, O Companions of Muhammad, that you take me as Dajjal? Has Allah’s Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) not said that he would be a Jew whereas I am a Muslim and he also said that he would not have children, whereas I have children, and he also said: verily, Allah has prohibited him to enter Mecca whereas I have performed Pilgrimage.
He went on saying this that I was about to be impressed by his talk. He (however) said this also: I know where he (Dajjal) is and I know his father and his mother, and it was said to him: Won’t you feel pleased if you would be the same person? Thereupon he said: If this offer is made to me, I would not resent that.
The correct view on Ibn Sayyad being the False Messiah
Scholars have expressed many of their views regarding whether or not Ibn Sayyad was the false messiah or not. However, the correct view is that Ibn Sayyad was not the Antichrist. He was still an imposter and a trickster who deceived people and he was a soothsayer who had the devils relate things to him.
Some reports say that near the end of his life, Ibn Sayyad repented for his sins and corrected his matters, and Allah knows best.
Why has the Antichrist not been mentioned in the Quran?
If Dajjal is the greatest fitnah and trial to ever test the nation of the Prophet Muhammed SAW, then why isn’t he mentioned in the Holy Quran even though other major and minor signs are?
Some of the signs mentioned in the Quran are:
|“The Hour has drawn near and the moon has been cleft asunder.”||This verse explains the signs of the moon being split by the permission of Allah SWT.||Quran [Al-Qamar 54:1]|
|“Until, when Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound.”||The Gog and Magog people will come after Dajjal so if the False Messiah was such a huge trial then why is he still not mentioned?||Quran [Al-Anbiya 21:96]|
One of the reasons this could be is that Allah may have revealed a verse of the Quran to Nabi SAW and although it may not have specifically said Dajjal, Nabi SAW may have narrated a hadith which further explained the ayah (verse) and then things would have been made clear. There is an example of this with the next ayah:
The hadith which explained this was:
Hadhrat Abu Huraira RA narrated that Nabi SAW said, there are three things which, when they appear, it will do no good for a person to believe then if he did not believe before: the Dajjal, the Beast and the rising of the sun from the west.[Tirmidhi – classed as Sahih]
Jesus (Esa AS) and Dajjal
The way Jesus son of Mary, or Esa ibn Maryam AS, is connected to Dajjal is that He will be the one to kill Dajjal. We know that he will descend from the heavens and fight behind Imam Mahdi and the Antichrist will be slain at the hands of Esa AS.
This is another way Dajjal is implied in the Holy Quran. Allah says in the following verse:
When Allah says ‘before his death’, this could be referring to 2 things:
- It could either be before Jesus’ death after his descent from the heavens
- It could be the death of a Jew or Christian at the time of their death when the angel of the death will come to them and they will realize Esa AS was only a Messenger of Allah and he was not divine in any way.
Point one is where it is referring to Dajjal as the reason Esa AS will descend is to kill Dajjal.
Allah has mentioned in another surah:
The Hour in the final verse is referring to the Day of Judgment and is indirectly pointing towards the descent of Jesus peace be upon Him. So this mention of Esa AS indicates towards the coming of Dajjal and his fitnah, as was mentioned earlier that He AS will be the one to kill Dajjal.
Hadith on the signs of the Hour and Dajjal
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah SAW observed: When three things appear faith will not benefit one who has not previously believed or has derived no good from his faith: the rising of the sun in its place of setting, the Dajjal, and the beast of the earth.
Abu al-‘Aliya reported: Ibn Abbas, the son of your Prophet’s uncle, told us that the Messenger of Allah SAW had observed: On the night of my night journey I passed by Moses b. ‘Imran AS, a man light brown in complexion, tall. well-built as if he was one of the men of the Shanu’a, and saw Jesus son of Mary as a medium-statured man with white and red complexion and crisp hair, and I was shown Malik the guardian of Fire, and Dajjal amongst the signs which were shown to me by Allah. He (the narrator) observed: Then do not doubt his (i. e. of the Prophet) meeting with him (Moses). Qatada elucidated it thus: Verily the Prophet of Allah SAW, met Moses AS.
It is narrated on the authority of Anas RA that verily the Messenger of Allah SAW observed: The hour (Resurrection) would not come so long as Allah is supplicated in the world.
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah SAW said: The (Last) hour shall not came till the sun rises from the place of its setting And on the day when it rises from the place of its setting even if all the people together affirmed their faith, it would not be of any avail to one who did not believe previously and derived no good out of his belief.
The greatest fitnah and trail that will ever appear on the face of the Earth
After reading the many ahadith narrated from various sahaba regarding the signs of the Hour and Dajjal the false messiah, we should know and understand that Al-Maseeh Al-Dajjal is and will be the greatest trial to ever appear on the face of this Earth.
We have been given descriptions about how he looks like and what his characteristics will be like. We know the events which will take place before his arrival and the details of these events have been narrated in detail by Nabi SAW.
We know the signs of the Hour, whether major or minor, and what the result will be of those. But are we prepared for this? Are we prepared to face Dajjal if he appears in our time? Are we prepared to fight for ourselves and our families during the extremely difficult years which we have been told about?
We must do everything in our ability to prepare for this great trial. We must educate the youth on his emergence. We must pray Surah Kahf every Friday in order to be protected from the fitnah of Dajjal. We must make dua constantly and after every fardh salah to Allah that He protects us from the fitnah of Dajjal and that He grants us death upon Imaan, because as the hadith states:
Be prompt in doing good deeds (before you are overtaken) by turbulence which would be like a part of the dark night. During (that stormy period) a man would be a Muslim in the morning and an unbeliever in the evening or he would be a believer in the evening and an unbeliever in the morning, and would sell his faith for worldly goods.
May Allah protect us all.