Among the most important deeds in Ramadan are fasting and dua. Fasting is done every day of this month and so duas are naturally increased during this time too. There are a few different duas found in authentic hadith which can be read before and after the fasting period.
1. Dua when you see the crescent moon –
Allah is the greatest. O Allah, bring us the crescent moon with safety, faith, peace, and Islam, and in agreement with all that You love and what pleases You. Our Lord and your Lord is Allah.’ (Tirmidhi)
2. Dua when you start fasting (suhoor) –
‘I intend to keep a fast tomorrow in the month of Ramadan’. (Abu Dawud)
3. Dua when breaking your fast at the time of Iftar (No. 1)
‘The thirst has gone and the veins are moistened, and the reward is confirmed, if Allah wills’. (Abu Dawud)
Dua when breaking your fast at the time of Iftar (No. 2)
‘O Allah, I ask You by Your mercy which envelopes all things, that You forgive me’. (Ibn Majah)
Dua when closing your fast at the time of Iftar (No. 3)
‘O Allah, for You I have fasted and upon Your provision I have broken my fast’. (Abu Dawud)
4. Dua when breaking fast in someone’s home
‘May the fasting break their fast in your home, and may the dutiful and pious eat your food, and may the angels send prayers upon you’.
Dua for fasting outside of Ramadan
The following dua can be read when fasting outside of Ramadan:
O Allah, I shall fast for Your sake, so forgive my past and future sins.
As you have seen, there are many duas you can read when fasting and it is a good idea to learn them beforehand so you have learned them all before Ramadan comes because Dua is the essence of worship.
Hadith on Fasting
Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: Verily, the supplication of a fasting person is not turned away at the time of breaking fast.’ (Ibn Majah)