Fasting is considered one of the most important acts of worship as a Muslim. As the Quran verse states: ‘The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month….’
From the 5 pillars of Islam, fasting is one of them and it is something each and every person has to do, whether rich or poor. This article gives 5 Quran verses on fasting to encourage Muslims to fast for their Lord and attain a lot of rewards.
Quran verses on Fasting – Surah Baqarah
O you who have attained faith, fasting has been prescribed upon you as it was prescribed upon those before you, that you may become mindful(of God).Surah Baqarah [2:183]
Tafsir (commentary) of this verse
Sawm, or fast, means to abstain. This means abstaining from everything Allah has made haram during the time of fasting like eating etc. If anyone didn’t abstain from these things and indulged in them before sunset then his fast will not be valid. Also, if someone abstained from these things but he didn’t intend to keep a fast then his fast won’t count.
When Allah mentions that fasting was also prescribed to those who came before you, this shows that fasting is nothing new and it is something which has had importance throughout the generations. A
lthough the way the previous people fasted may have been slightly different, for example the Jews used to keep speaking fasts, where the wouldn’t talk for the entire day but could eat and drink. An example of this is when Maryam AS was instructed by Allah to do this when she had been gifted with a child.
Quran verses on fasting while travelling or having an illness
Fast a prescribed number of days. But whoever of you is ill or on a journey, then let them fast an equal number of days after Ramadan. For those who can only fast with extreme difficulty, compensation can be made by feeding a needy person for every day not fasted. But whoever volunteers to give more, it is better for them. And to fast is better for you, if only you knew.Surah Baqarah [2:184]
When the Quran verse refers to an ill person, it means someone who can’t fast without an unbearable hardship or that if he did fast, then it would become really difficult for him and it could worsen his illness.
Allah has also said that for the fasts missed there is qadha and and making up for what was missed. This will only be done once the sick person has become better and once the traveler has returned from his journey. If something happens and the traveler or sick person passes away before they return or become better, then there will be no qadha upon them nor fidyah (payment of ransom for missing fasts).
So whoever of you witnesses the month, then he shall fast it. But whoever is sick or on a journey, then(he must fast) a period of other days. Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you, and that you should complete the period, and that you should glorify Allah for having guided you, and so that you may give thanks.Surah Baqarah [2:185]
Indeed, Muslim men and Muslim women, and believing men and believing women, and devout men and devout women, and truthful men and truthful women, and patient men and patient women, and reverent men and reverent women, and charitable men and charitable women, and fasting men and fasting women, and men who preserve their private parts1and women who(likewise) preserve, and men who remember Allah frequently and women who(likewise) remember—Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward.Surah Ahzab [33:35]
It is the believers who repent, who are devoted to worship, who praise their Lord, who fast, who bow down and prostrate themselves, who encourage good and forbid evil, and who observe the limits set by Allah. And give good news to the believers.Surah Taubah [9:112]
Quran verses have been taken from Quran.com
Tafsir is based on Maariful Quran and Ibn Kathir