Fasting is an act of worship which Allah has made compulsory for the Muslims. So many of us see the month of Ramadan as a punishment and reluctantly fast and turn ourselves to our creator. However, the virtues of Ramadan are countless and it is indeed a beautiful time in order to gain closeness to Allah and correct ourselves.
3 virtues of ramadan will be talked about here:
- nafl and fardh prayers and actions
- quran tilawat
Virtues of Ramadan in the Quran
(It was) the month of Ramadan in which the Recital was sent down as guidance for mankind, and as evident explanations of the guidance and the criterion. So whoever of you witnesses the month, then he shall fast it. But whoever is sick or on a journey, then (he must fast) a period of other days. Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you, and that you should complete the period, and that you should glorify Allah for having guided you, and so that you may give thanks.
Hadith on the Virtues of Ramadan
Salman (RA) reports, on the last day of Shaban, Rasulullah (saw) addressed us and said, “Oh people! A great month is coming to you. A blessed month. A month in which there is one night that is better than a thousand months. A month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer to Allah by performing any of the voluntary good deeds in this month shall receive the same reward as is there for performing an obligatory deed at any other time. And whoever discharges an obligatory deed in this month shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of Sabr (patience), and the reward for sabr is Jannah.
It is the month of kindness and charity. It is a month in which a believer’s rizq is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast, shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without the latter’s reward being diminished at all.
Thereupon we said, O messenger of Allah, not all of us possess the means whereupon we can give a fasting person to break his fast. Rasulullah (SAW) replied, Allah gives the same reward to the one who gives a fasting person to break the fast, a mere date, or a drink of water, or a sip of milk.
This is a month, the first of which bring Allah’s mercy, the middle of which brings His forgiveness and the last of which brings emancipation from the fire of Jahannam.
Whosoever lessens the burden of his bondsmen in this month, Allah will forgive him and free him from the fire of Jahannam.
In this month, four things you should perform in great number, two of which shall be to please Allah, while the other two shall be those which you cannot do without. Those which shall please Allah are that you should recite in great number the kalimah tayyibah – La ilaha illallah and to recite istighfar (seeking Allah’s forgiveness) and as for those which you cannot do without, you should beg of Allah for entrance into Jannah and ask protection in Him from Jahannam.
And whoever gives a fasting person water to drink, Allah shall grant him to drink from my fountain, such a drink, after which that person shall never feel thirsty again until he enters Jannah.Reported by ibn Khuzaimah in his Saheeh
Explanation of the Hadith
Nabi SAW gave this lecture and speech at the end of Shabaan because he wanted to show us the importance of Ramadan. This way we could have the motivation not to waste a single moment of its precious time.
Virtues of Ramadan: Taraweeh
This hadith also tells us that to pray Taraweeh during the nights of Ramadan is a command given to us by Allah. When Rasulullah SAW says that it is sunnah as in the hadith mentioned below, this is to stress its importance.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to urge (the people) to perform (optional Tarawih) prayer at night during the month of Ramadan. He did not order them or make it obligatory on them. He (ﷺ) said, “Whosoever performs (optional Tarawih) prayers at night during the month of Ramadan, with Faith and in the hope of receiving Allah’s reward, will have his past sins forgiven.”Sahih Muslim
The sunnah of taraweeh is that you listen to the entire quran being recited in salah. There is also the sunnah of to perform taraweeh with jama’at in the masjid for men. For women, they should pray at home without jama’at.
Virtues of Ramadan: Nafl and Fardh
Another virtue of Ramadan is that the nafl (voluntary) prayers and actions done in Ramadan are given the reward of a fardh (compulsory). And any fardh action and prayers done in Ramadan, the rewards are multiplied by 70 times.
Virtues of Ramadan: Quran recitation
It is said that Jibreel AS used to come down and recite the entire quran to Nabi SAW during Ramadan. And sometimes Nabi SAW would recite it and Jibreel AS would listen. This shows how important it is to continuously recite the holy quran during the blessed month. The scholars have also stated that it is mustahab (desirable) that one recites the quran while someone listens to them.
Don’t waste any time when it comes to Ramadan. Every second is special and we don’t know if we will live to see another of this magical month. Recite the quran everyday, do your daily azhkar and pray all your prayers in the masjid.