Ramadan and Charity – What is The Special Connection?

In Islam, both fasting in Ramadan and giving in charity (Zakah) is obligatory upon Muslims who are able to do so.  As rewards are multiplied in Ramadan, it is natural that most Muslims give to charity in the fasting month.

In Ramadan, Muslims become even more charitable and spend out of what Allah has given at this time than at any other time of the year.  Many Muslims prefer to give the compulsory charity Zakah during this time as well as extra voluntary donations to good causes at home and abroad.

Charity in Ramadan

Zakah

Many Muslims plan to give their Zakah in Ramadan because of the rewards being multiplied many fold.  As the Zakah is due at the same time every year from when it’s started, Muslims make this month their giving period.  It is also during Ramadan that many charities raise awareness of projects they are undertaking around the world so the opportunity to give to varied causes becomes widely available.

The Quran teaches that the wealth you have is given by Allah who has provided a means for you to acquire it.  He has made some people wealthy and the test for them is whether they give the poor their rights.  That’s why Zakah is also known as the poor-due.

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Zakat ul Fitr

Zakah can be given any time of year but there is a charitable contribution required especially in Ramadan, called the Zakat ul Fitr.  This is where every adult Muslim who possesses food surplus to their immediate needs must pay an amount for each member of their household, either in food or its equivalent in money, to those who would normally be eligible for Zakat i.e. the poor and needy.  This amount must be paid before the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer, this way everyone can enjoy this happy occasion.

Read now  5 Quran Verses on Fasting in Ramadan

Other types of Ramadan charity

Fidyah

Fidyah is a form of compensation paid by those who are, amongst some other things, unable to fast in Ramadan, due to illness or old age, etc.  An amount of food or its equivalent in money is given to those who are eligible to receive it.

Kaffarah

Kaffarah is also paid as a compulsory compensation when a Muslim who is obliged to fast intentionally breaks the fast or skips it entirely.  Just like Zakat ul Fitr and Fidyah, it can only go to those in need.

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Quran verses about giving charity

The verses explain how the reward for giving in charity, both secretly and openly, is multiplied.  In addition, you are forgiven for your sins and you will find ease after going through any hardship.  Giving in charity is also a means to purify yourself spiritually.

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.’ 

Surah Al Baqarah 2:261

‘Those who spend their wealth [in Allah’s way] by night and by day, secretly and publicly – they will have their reward with their Lord. And no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.’

Surah Al Baqarah 2:274

‘And let not those of virtue among you and wealth swear not to give [aid] to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants for the cause of Allah, and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.’ 

Surah An Nur 24:22

‘Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease [i.e. relief].’ 

Surah At-Talaq 65:7

‘[He] who gives [from] his wealth to purify himself’ 

Surah Al Layl 92:18

Hadith relating to Charity in Ramadan

The Prophet (SAW) would give charity throughout the year but increase his generosity during Ramadan. Ibn Abbas (RA) said, “The Prophet (SAW) was the most generous of people, and he was most generous during Ramadan,”

(Bukhari).

‘Whoever provides the food for a fasting person to break his fast with, then for him is the same reward as his (the fasting person’s), without anything being diminished from the reward of the fasting person.” 

(Tirmidhi)

‘Allah, the Exalted, says, ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’

(Bukhari and Muslim).