What is Surah Fatiha?
Surah Fatiha is the 1st surah of the Holy Quran and consists of 7 verses or ayahs. It is a Makkan surah and was revealed before the Prophet’s SAW migration to Madinah. It is a very powerful surah and has many benefits which will be mentioned below. Al-Fatiha is something which is recited in fardh (obligatory) and nafl (voluntary) prayers known as salah.
Different names of Surah Fatiha
This blessed surah has many names which it can be called:
- Al-Fatiha (The Opening)
- Ash-Shifa (The Cure)
- Al-Hamd (The Praise)
- Salah (because it is a vital part of prayer)
- Umm-ul Kitaab (Mother of the Book)
- Ar-Ruqyah (The Remedy)
- Sab’ul-Mathani (The Seven Oft Repeated Verses)
- Umm al-Quran (Mother of the Quran)
- Asas ul-Quran (Foundation of the Quran)
“Then read the Ummul-Qur’an (i.e. Surah al-Fatiha) and what ever Allah wishes”.Abu Dawud
Why is it called Umm al-Kitaab?
In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, Al-Bukhari said in his Sahih;
“It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur’an starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.” It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because it contains the meanings of the entire Qur’an.
Ibn Jarir said, “The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that contains several specific areas an Umm. For instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain, Umm Ar-Ra’s (the Mother of the head). They also call the flag that gathers the ranks of the army an Umm.” He also said, “Makkah was called Umm Al-Qura, (the Mother of the Villages) because it is the grandest and the leader of all villages. It was also said that the earth was made starting from Makkah.”
Surah Fatiha Translation
1:1 In the Name of Allah—the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.
1:2 All praise is for Allah—Lord of all worlds,
1:3 the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
1:4 Master of the Day of Judgment.
1:5 You ˹alone˺ we worship and You ˹alone˺ we ask for help.
1:6 Guide us along the Straight Path,
1:7 the Path of those You have blessed—not those You are displeased with, or those who are astray.
Surah Fatiha Transliteration
- Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
- Alhamdu lillaahi Rabbil ‘aalameen
- Maaliki Yawmid-Deen
- Iyyaaka na’budu wa lyyaaka nasta’een
- Siraatal-lazheena an’amta ‘alaihim ghayril-maghdoobi ‘alaihim wa lad-daalleen
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5 Special Attributes of Al-Fatiha
- Al-Fatiha is a cure for illnesses and diseases
- It is the Mother of the Holy Quran
- It is regarded as the greatest chapter in the Quran
- Surah Fatiha is a vital part of Salah
- It was sent down from paradise as Nur (light)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The Um (substance) of the Qur’an is the seven oft-repeated verses (Al- Mathaini) and is the Great Qur’an (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha).Sahih Bukhari
6 Benefits of Surah Fatiha
- Surah Fatiha is a very significant part of our daily prayers. If we don’t pray it, then our salah will not be valid.
Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit (ﷺ):
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “There is no Salat (prayer) for him who does not recite Ummul-Qur’an (Surat al-Fatiha)”. (Agreed upon].Agreed upon (Bukhari and Muslim)
- Al-Fatiha is also known as Ash-Shifa as mentioned above. Reciting this surah over an ill person or someone who has been afflicted, will Insha’Allah cure them.
This hadith has been reported on the authority of Abu Bishr with the same the same chain of transmitters (with these words):
That he recited Umm-ul-Qur’an (Sura Fatiha), and he collected his spittle and he applied that and the person became all right.Sahih Muslim
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported:
We landed at a place where a woman came to us and said: A scorpion has bitten the chief of the tribe. Is there any incantator amongst you? A person amongst us stood up (and went with her). We had no idea that he had been a good incantator but he practiced incantation with the help of Sura al-Fatiha and the (the chief) was all right. They gave him a flock of sheep and served us milk. We said (to him): Are you a good incantator. Thereupon he said: I did not do it but by the help of Sura al-Fatiha. He said: Do not drive (these goats) until we go to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and find out (whether it is permissible to accept (this reward of incantation).
So we came to Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) and made a mention of that to him, whereupon he said: How did you come to know that this (Sura al-Fatiha) could be used as an incantation? So distribute them (amongst those who had been present there with him) and allocate a share of mine also.Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
- Reciting Surah Fatiha can also help to get rid of poverty.
- Surah Fatiha holds great rewards for its reader. No other surah in the Quran can match Al-Fatiha
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Mu’alla:
While I was praying, the Prophet (ﷺ) called me but I did not respond to his call. Later I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I was praying.” He said, “Didn’t Allah say: ‘O you who believe! Give your response to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His Apostle when he calls you’?” (8.24) He then said, “Shall I not teach you the most superior Surah in the Qur’an?” He said, ‘(It is), ‘Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. ‘ (i.e., Surat Al-Fatiha) which consists of seven repeatedly recited Verses and the Magnificent Qur’an which was given to me.”Sahih Bukhari
- This surah will help remove your fears and consistently reciting it will put you under the protection of Allah
- Reading Surah Fatiha will help get your duas and supplications answered, and attracts the attention of Allah
Abu Huraira RA narrates: Nabi SAW said,
“Allah, the Glorious and Exalted said, “I have divided the prayer between Myself and my servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for.” Therefore, when the servant says,
‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds’, Allah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.’ When he says, ’The All-Merciful, the Most Merciful, ‘Allah says, ‘My servant has extolled Me.’ When he says, ‘Master of the Day of Judgment,’ Allah says, ‘My servant has glorified Me.’ When he says, ‘You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone do we seek,’ Allah says, ‘this is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested.’ When he says, ‘Guide us to the Straight Path, the Path of those whom You have favored, not [the path] of those who have earned [Your] anger, nor of those who have gone astray,’
Allah says, ‘this is for My servant and My servant shall have what he asked for.’”Sahih Muslim